The Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA; Pashto: is a semi-autonomous tribal region in northwestern Pakistan, consisting of seven tribal agencies (districts) and six frontier regions, and are directly governed by Pakistan’s federal government through a special set of laws called the Frontier Crimes Regulations (. It borders Pakistan’s provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan to the east and south, and Afghanistan’s provinces of Kunar, Nangarhar, Paktia, Khost and Paktikato the west and north.
The territory is almost exclusively inhabited by the Pashtun, who also live in the neighbouring provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Northern Balochistan; they are largely Muslims. The main towns of the territory are Parachinar, Miramshah, Razmak, Wanna, Jamrud, and Landi Kotal.
The district was won from the Sikh Empire (which had attached it amid Ranjit Singh’s run) in the nineteenth century amid the British provincial time frame. Despite the fact that the British never prevailing in totally quieting agitation in the region, it filled in as a support from distress in Afghanistan. The British Raj endeavored to control the number of inhabitants in the added inborn districts with the Frontier Crimes Regulations , which gave significant energy to oversee to neighborhood nobles insofar as these nobles were eager to address the issues of the British. Due to the nobles putting unchecked optional power under the control of the jirga, bringing about broad human rights infringement, the FCR has come to be known as the “dark law.”
The Federally Administered Tribal Areas are flanked by: Afghanistan toward the north and west with the fringe set apart by the Durand Line, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa toward the east, and Balochistan toward the south.
Majority rule government and parliamentary representationThe add up to populace of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas was assessed in 2000 to be around 3,341,080 individuals, or about 2% of Pakistan’s populace. Just 3.1% of the populace dwells in set up townships. It is along these lines the most rustic authoritative unit in Pakistan. As per 2011 appraisals FATA increased 62.1% populace over its 1998 figures, totaling up to 4,452,913. This is the fourth-most astounding increment in populace of any area, after that of Balochistan, Sindh and Gilgit-Baltistan. 99.1% of populace talks the Pashto dialect.
The district is controlled by the Federal administration of Pakistan. In the interest of the President, the Governor of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (earlier NWFP) practices the government expert with regards to the Federally Administered Tribal Areas.
Relations with the Pakistani Military
In 2001 the Pakistani military entered the Federally Administered Tribal Areas out of the blue which was already represented by Frontier Corps. In 2010 The New America Foundation and Terror Free Tomorrow led the main far reaching general assessment overview in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas.
Relations with the Afghanistan Government
Parliamentarians from inborn regions have taken solid special case to a determination embraced by the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa get together requesting merger of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas with their territory. The Awami National Party have additionally made comparable requests that the FATA be converged with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. These proposition have been restricted by innate parliamentarians in Islamabad. Should the Federally Administered Tribal Areas turn into a territory of Pakistan, the name Qabailistan has been proposed.
Merger with KP
Starting at 24 January 2017, the national government has chosen to consolidate FATA with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, for which required enactment would be overseen in Parliament after endorsement from the elected bureau. Executive Nawaz Sharif will advise the pastors of the issue of FATA with KP in the up and coming government bureau meeting. After endorsement for this merger, the Law Ministry would be solicited to set up the draft from the bill that would be introduced in parliament for endorsement.
The Federally Administered Tribal Areas(FATA) comprise of two kinds of regions i.e. Ancestral Agencies (Tribal Districts) and Frontier Regions . There are seven Tribal Agencies and six Frontier Regions.
These are (from North to South):
- Bajaur Agency
- Mohmand Agency
- Khyber Agency
- Orakzai Agency
- Kurram Agency
- North Waziristan Agency
- South Waziristan Agency
FATA has an aggregate of 6,050 government instruction organizations out of which 4,868 are practical. Out of these 4,868 useful foundations, 77 percent (3,729) are grade schools. Add up to enrolment in government foundations is 612,556 out of which 69 percent are learning at essential stage. Add up to number of working instructors in FATA is 22,610 out of which 7,540 are female. The survival rate from Grade KG to Grade 5 is 36 percent while the change rate from essential to center in state funded schools in FATA is 64 percent (73 percent for young men and 45 percent for young ladies).
FATA has delivered some world-class cricketers like Shahid Afridi from Khyber Agency and a squash player Maria Toorpakay Wazir from South Waziristan who won the National Women’s Squash title in 2010. FATA is home to the local cricket group FATA Cheetahs. TheFederally Administered Trib