Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is one of the four managerial territories of Pakistan, situated in the northwestern locale of the nation along the universal fringe with Afghanistan. It was beforehand known as the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) until 2010, and is known conversationally by different names.
Geography of KPK
Northern Pakhtunkhwa’s commonplace capital and biggest city is Peshawar, with Mardan being the second-biggest. It imparts fringes to the Federally Administered Tribal Areas toward the west; Gilgit– Baltistan toward the upper east; Azad Kashmir, Islamabad and Punjab toward the east and southeast. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa does not formally impart a fringe to Balochistan, which rather outskirts Federally Administered Tribal Areas. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa additionally shares a worldwide outskirt with Afghanistan, to which the area is connected by means of the notable Khyber Pass.
History of KPK
Northern( khyber) Pakhtunkhwa is the site of the old kingdom Gandhara, including the remains of its capital, Pushkalavati, close advanced Charsadda, and the most unmistakable focal point of learning in the Peshawar Valley, Takht-I-Bahi. It has been under the suzerainty of the Persians, Greeks, Mauryans, Kushans, Shahis, Ghaznavids, Mughals, Afghanistan, Sikhs, and British Empire at different focuses all through its long history. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is the third-biggest region of Pakistan by the span of both populace and economy however it is topographically the littlest of four. It contains 10.5% of Pakistan’s economy, and is home to 11.9% of Pakistan’s aggregate populace, with most of the area’s occupants being Pashtuns, Hazarewal, Chitrali, and Kohistanis.
Since the 9/11 assaults in the United States in 2001, the Northern Pakhtunkhwa is a noteworthy venue of militancy and psychological warfare which increased when the Taliban started an unsuccessful endeavor to grab the control of the area in 2004. With the dispatch of Zarb-e-Azb against the Taliban rebellion, the setback and wrongdoing rates in the nation in general dropped by 40.0% when contrasted with 2011– 13, with much more noteworthy drops noted in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, despite the region capital being the site of a slaughter of schoolchildren on 16 December 2014.
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa signifies “Khyber part of the place that is known for Pakhtuns”while just the word Pakhtunkhwa signifies “Place that is known for Pakhtuns” and as per a few researchers it signifies “Pakhtun culture and society”.
At the point when the British built up it as a region, they called it “North West Frontier Province” (shortened as NWFP) because of its relative area being in north west of their Indian Empire. After freedom of Pakistan, Pakistan proceeded with this name however a Pakhtun patriot party, Awami National Party requested that the territory name be changed to “Pakhtunkhwa”. Their rationale behind that request was that Punjabi individuals, Sindhi individuals and Balochi individuals have their territories named after their ethnicities yet that isn’t the situation for Pashtun individuals.
Major political gatherings particularly Pakistan Muslim League (N) were against that name since it was excessively comparable, making it impossible to Bacha Khan’s request of independent country “Pashtunistan”. They needed to name the region an option that is other than which does not convey Pakhtun character in it as there were other minor ethnicities living in the region particularly Hindkowans who spoke Hindko lingo of Punjabi dialect in this way the word Khyber was presented with the name since it is the name of a noteworthy pass which interfaces Pakistan to Afghanistan.