Muzaffarabad area of Azad Kashmir, Pakistan is situated on the banks of the Jhelum and the Neelum waterways, and is bumpy. The area is limited to Punjab in the west and to Kupwara and Baramulla areas of the Kashmir in the east. Toward the north is Neelum District; the fall on the upper east of the region and Bagh District frames the southern limit. The aggregate territory of the locale is 1,642 square kilometers. The city of Muzaffarabad fills in as capital of Azad Kashmir. It was a piece of Muzaffarabad Division.
The first name of Muzaffarabad was Udabhanda. Hieun tsang, the observed Buddhist pioneer who is said to have gone by the valley in 633 A.D notices Pan-nu-tso, i.e., cutting edge Punch, Ho-lo-she-pu-to i.e. cutting edge Rajauri. He entered the valley by means of Baramulla glut.
Udabhanda was the capital of the Shahi dynasty. The Shahi also called Shahiya,dynasties ruled parts of the Kabul Valley (in eastern Afghanistan) and the old region of Gandhara (northern Pakistan and Kashmir) from the decay of the Kushan Empire in third century to the early ninth century. The kingdom was known as Kabul-shahan or Ratbel-shahan (565– 670 CE) when they had their capitals in Kapisa and Kabul, and later Udabhandapura (also known as Hund)for its new capital. The term Shahi is the title of the rulers, likely identified with the Kushan form Shao or Persian form Shah and alludes to a progression of 60 rulers presumably slipped from the Kushans or Turks (Turshkas).
Language and demography
Kashmiri language,Pahari,and Gojri are the overwhelming dialects of the area. Different dialects talked incorporate Urdu, Shina and Balti. The aggregate populace of the locale as indicated by the 2017 Census its populace remains at 650,370. The significant dialect of the area is by and large thought to be an assortment of Pahari. Despite the fact that incidentally alluded to in the writing as Chibhali or Poonchi, it is privately known as Hindko. Its speakers have a tendency to distinguish more with the Hindko spoken toward the west,even however seeing their discourse to be just somewhat not quite the same as the assortments of Bagh District and of the center Pahari regions advance south in Murree. The neighborhood lingo has a higher level of imparted fundamental vocabulary to the focal gathering of Pahari lingos (83– 88%), than with the Hindko of nearby Mansehra and Abbottabad (73– 79%).Another dialect talked in the area is Gujari. The nearby lingo is firmly identified with the Gujari assortments spoken in Hazara (83– 88% closeness in essential vocabulary) and whatever remains of Azad Kashmir (79– 86%). Kashmiri is talked in the city of Muzaffarabad. It is particular from, albeit still clear with, the Kashmiri of the Neelam Valley to the north. Other dialects talked incorporate Urdu, Shina and Balti.
Ethnic Kashmiris shape 65% of muzaffarabad’s population,however the vast majority of the more youthful age has embraced either Pahari or Urdu as their first dialect. The explanation behind the reduction of koshur speakers in muzaffarabad was less government consideration towards the dialect and the dialect not being educated in schools dissimilar to in Indian controlled Kashmir. In any case the Kashmiris of this region still take pride in their kashmiri personality and culture in spite of losing their native language. Minority ethnic gatherings incorporate Paharis,Hindkowans,Pashtuns and Gujars. Fundamental clans are Lone, khawajas(wani) ,Dar,Abbasi,￼￼Butt,sudhans.
The region of Muzaffarabad is officially subdivided into three tehsils, which are sub-isolated into 51 Union Councils
- Muzaffarabad Tehsil
- Hattian Tehsil
- Tithwal Tehsil
As per the Pakistan District Education Rankings 2015, Muzaffarabad is positioned 42 out of 148 regions as far as instruction. For offices and foundation, the region is positioned 101 out of 148.