Rawalpindi city history – A Land of oldest civilization

Rawalpindi, generally known as Pindi, is a city in Punjab, Pakistan.Archaeologists trust that a particular culture prospered on this level even 3,000 years prior.

The Rawalpindi area has been occupied for a large number of years. It is trusted that a particular culture thrived on the Potohar plateau region around Rawalpindi as far back as c. 1000 BC.

The material stays found at the site demonstrate the presence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila.

Mahmud of Ghazni (979-1030AD)

The primary Muslim intruder, Mahmud of Ghazni (979-1030AD), talented the demolished city to a Gakkhar boss, Kai Gohar. The Gakkhars were a fiercly free clan of the Potowar Plateau.

The town fell into rot again after Mongol attacks in the fourteenth century.

Another chief, Jhanda Khan, reestablished the destroyed town, and named it after the village Rawal in 1493.

Mughal era around 1700

Rawalpindi stayed under the administer of the Gakkhars under the suzernaity of the Mughal Empire until Muqarrab Khan, the last Gakkhar ruler, was vanquished by the Sikhs under Sardar Milkha Singh Thehpuria (Pindvala) .

Afghan era 1761

After the third Battle of Panipath in 1761, Afghans under Ahmed Shah Abdali attached the area as a major aspect of the kingdom of Afghanistan.

Sikh era 1818

Rawalpindi was taken by the Sikh ruler Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1818 subsequent to crushing the Afghans.

British era 1849

Rawalpindi remained some portion of the Sikh Empire till the thrashing of the Sikh Empire on account of British East India Company in 1849.

In 1901 Rawalpindi was the winter base camp of the Northern Command and of the Rawalpindi military division.

Independence in 1947

After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in Rawalpindi.

Interim capital of the country in 1959

In 1959, the city turned into the interval capital of the nation after President Ayub Khan sought the making of another arranged capital of Islamabad in the region of Rawalpindi.

Assassination 1951,1979,2007

In 1951, Rawalpindi saw the death of the primary elected Prime Minister of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan in  Liaquat Bagh Park.

On 27 December 2007, Liaquat Bagh Park’s back entryway in Rawalpindi was the site of the assassination of former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto.

Her dad, former Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was hanged in Rawalpindi in 1979.

Places to visit in Rawalpindi

  • Ayub National Park
  • Rohtas Fort
  • Jinnah Park
  • The Raja Bazaar
  • The Mall Road
  • Saddar
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Jamia masjid rawalpindi
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Jamia Masjid Rawalpindi in 1920
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Mall road oldest picture rawalpindi
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Post office sadar old rawalpindi
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Massey-gate-old-rawalpindi
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Old picture of Raja Bazar Rawalpindi
Old picture of Raja Bazar Rawalpindi
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Asghar mall college rawalpindi
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Zia masjid rawalpindi.
Rawalpindi - fawara-chowk
Rawalpindi – fawara – chowk