River Chanab

The Chenab River , referred to generally as the Chandrabhaga River  is a noteworthy waterway that streams in India and Pakistan, and is one of the 5 noteworthy waterways of the Punjab area. It frames in the upper Himalayas in the Lahaul and Spiti region of Himachal Pradesh state, India, and moves through the Kishtwar, Doda, Ramban, Reasi and Jammu regions of Jammu area in Indian territory of Jammu and Kashmir into the fields of the Punjab, Pakistan, before streaming into the Indus River close to the city of Uch Sharif. The waters of the Chenab were allotted to Pakistan under the terms of the Indus Waters Treaty.

The stream is shaped by the conversion of two waterways

The stream is shaped by the conversion of two waterways, Chandra and Bhaga, at Tandi, 8 km southwest of Kyelang, in the Lahaul and Spiti locale in the Indian territory of Himachal Pradesh. The Bhaga stream starts from Surya taal lake, which is arranged a couple of kilometers east of the Bara-lacha la go in the in Himachal Pradesh. The Chandra stream starts from ice sheets east of a similar pass.

River Chanab
River Chanab

This pass likewise goes about as a water-partition between these two waterways. The Chandra stream transverses 115 km (71 mi) before the juncture. The Bhaga waterway transverses through restricted chasms a separation of 60 km (37 mi) before the conjunction at Tandi.

The Chenab stream was called Asikni  in the Rigveda (VIII.20.25, X.75.5). The name implied that it supposedly had dim hued waters. The term Krishana is additionally found in the Atharvaveda.

In the Mahabharata

In the Mahabharata, the regular name of the stream was Chandrabhaga in light of the fact that the waterway is framed from the conversion of the Chandra and the Bhaga streams. This name was additionally known to the Ancient Greeks, who Hellenised it in different structures, for example, Sandrophagos, Sandabaga and Cantabra. The closeness of Sandrophagos ( to Androphagos , meaning man-eaters, or to Alexandrophagos , meaning the individuals who might eat Alexander, likely made the supporters of Alexander change the name to maintain a strategic distance from the shrewd sign, the more so maybe by virtue of the fiasco which occured for the Macedonian armada at the tempestuous intersection of the waterway with the Hydaspes (present day Jhelum River).

River Chanab
River Chanab

The improvement of Chandrabhaga to ‘Chenab’, with apparent Persianate impact, presumably happened in early medieval occasions and is seen in Alberuni.

History

The waterway was known to Indians in the Vedic time frame In 325 BC, Alexander the Great supposedly established the town of Alexandria on the Indus (present day Uch Sharif or Mithankot or Chacharan in Pakistan) at the conversion of the Indus and the consolidated stream of Punjab streams (right now known as the Panjnad River).

Dams

The waterway has rich influence age potential in India.

Salal Dam – 690 MW hydroelectric power venture close Reasi

Baglihar Dam – a hydroelectric power venture close Batote in Doda locale

Dul Hasti Hydroelectric Plant – 390 MW run-of-the-waterway type control venture in Kishtwar District

Pakal Dul Dam – a proposed dam on a tributary Marusadar River in Kishtwar District

Ratle Hydroelectric Plant – an under development control station of run-of-the-stream type close Drabshalla in Kishtwar District

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