The shot put is an olympic style sports occasion including “tossing”/”placing” (tossing in a pushing movement) a substantial circular protest—the shot—beyond what many would consider possible. The shot put rivalry for men has been a piece of the cutting edge Olympics since their restoration in 1896, and ladies’ opposition started in 1948.
Two putting styles are in current general use by shot put contenders: the coast and the turn. With all putting styles, the objective is to discharge the shot with most extreme forward speed at a point of roughly forty degrees.
The starting point of the float dates to 1951, when Parry O’Brien from the United States concocted a method that included the putter confronting in reverse, pivoting 180 degrees over the circle, and after that hurling the shot.
With this system, a right-hand hurler would start confronting the back of the circle, and after that kick to the front with the left leg, while pushing off strongly with the right. As the hurler crosses the circle, the hips contort toward the front, the left arm is swung out then pulled back tight, trailed by the shoulders, and they at that point strike in a putting movement with their correct arm. The key is to move rapidly over the hover with as meager air under the feet as would be prudent, henceforth the name ‘float’.
In 1972 Aleksandr Baryshnikov set his first USSR record utilizing another putting style, the turn (“круговой мах” in Russian), developed by his mentor Viktor Alexeyev.The turn includes pivoting like a plate hurler and utilizing rotational force for control. In 1976 Baryshnikov went ahead to set a world record of 22.00 m (72.18 ft) with his turn style, and was the main shot putter to cross the 22-meter stamp.
With this strategy, a right-hand hurler faces the back, and starts to turn on the chunk of the left foot. The hurler comes around and faces the front of the circle and drives the correct foot into the center of the circle. At long last, the hurler goes after the front of the hover with the left foot, winding the hips and shoulders like in the coast, and puts the shot.
At the point when the competitor executes the turn, the abdominal area is contorted hard to one side, so the fanciful lines made by the shoulders and hips are never again parallel. This activity develops torque, and extends the muscles, making an automatic flexibility in the muscles, giving additional power and force. At the point when the competitor gets ready to discharge, the left foot is solidly planted, causing the force and vitality produced to be saved, driving the shot in an upward and outward heading.
Another motivation behind the turn is to develop a high rotational speed, by swinging the correct leg at first, at that point to get every one of the appendages firmly, like a figure skater acquiring their arms while turning to expand their speed. When this quick speed is accomplished the shot is discharged, moving the vitality into the shot put.
Presently, most best male shot putters utilize the turn. Anyway the coast stays famous since the method prompts more prominent consistency contrasted with the rotational system. All hurlers begin by utilizing the skim. Tomasz Majewski takes note of that albeit most competitors utilize the spin,he and some other best shot putters made progress utilizing this great strategy (for instance he turned out to be first to shield the Olympic title in 56 years).
The world record by a male putter of 23.12 m (75 ft 10 in) by Randy Barnes was finished with the turn procedure, while the second-best unequaled put of 23.06 m (75 ft 73⁄4 in) by Ulf Timmermann was finished with the skim strategy.
The choice to float or turn may should be chosen an individual premise, controlled by the hurler’s size and power. Short hurlers may profit by the turn and taller hurlers may profit by the float, however numerous hurlers don’t take after this rule.
Sorts of shots
The shot put ball is made of various types of materials relying upon its planned utilize. Materials utilized incorporate sand, press, cast press, strong steel, stainless steel, metal, and engineered materials like polyvinyl. A few metals are more thick than others influencing the span of the shot to shift, for instance, indoor shots are bigger than open air shots, so unique materials are utilized to make them. There are different size and weight measures for the actualize that rely upon the age and sexual orientation of the contenders and also the national traditions of the overseeing body.
Primary articles: World record movement shot put men and World record movement shot put ladies
The present world record holders are:
|Outdoor||Randy Barnes||23.12 m (75 ft 10 in)||Los Angeles, California, USA||May 20, 1990|
|Indoor||Randy Barnes||22.66 m (74 ft 4 in)||Los Angeles, California, USA||January 20, 1989|
|Outdoor||Natalya Lisovskaya||22.63 m (74 ft 23⁄4 in)||Moscow, USSR||June 7, 1987|
|Indoor||Helena Fibingerová||22.50 m (73 ft 93⁄4 in)||Jablonec, CZE||February 19, 1977|