The Toyota Land Cruiser is a progression of four-wheel drive vehicles created by the Japanese vehicle creator Toyota. It is Toyota’s longest running arrangement. Starting at 2018, it has sold more than 6.5 million around the world.
Original Land Cruiser
Creation of the original Land Cruiser started in 1951 (90 units) as Toyota’s form of a Jeep-like vehicle.The Land Cruiser has been delivered in convertible, hardtop, station wagon and taxi suspension renditions. The Land Cruiser’s unwavering quality and life span has prompted tremendous prominence, particularly in Australia where it is the top of the line body-on-outline, four-wheel drive vehicle.Toyota likewise widely tests the Land Cruiser in the Australian outback – viewed as one of the hardest working situations in both temperature and terrain.In Japan, the Land Cruiser is restrictive to Toyota Japanese dealerships called Toyota Store.
Starting at 2018, the Land Cruiser J200 is accessible in many markets. Special cases incorporate Canada, Malaysia (of whose business sectors have the Lexus LX accessible), Hong Kong, Macau, North Korea, Singapore, South Korea, Brazil, Syria, Thailand and huge parts of Europe. In Europe, the main nations that authoritatively move the Land Cruiser 200 are: Gibraltar, Iceland, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine.
At the point when the Imperial Japanese Army involved the Philippines in 1941 they found an American Jeep and expeditiously sent it to Japan. The Japanese military specialists requested Toyota to deliver a comparative vehicle however to adjust the appearance. The subsequent Model AK model prompted the Yon-Shiki Kogata Kamotsu-Sha.
Later in 1941 the Japanese government educated Toyota to deliver a light truck for Japan’s military. In 1942, Toyota built up the AK10 model by figuring out a Bantam GP . The half-ton truck includes an upstanding front grille, level front wheel curves that calculated down and back like the FJ40, headlights mounted over the wheel curves on either side of the radiator, and a collapsing windshield. The AK10 is fueled by the 2259 cc, 4-chamber Type C motor from the Toyota Model AE vehicle coupled to a three-speed manual transmission and two-speed exchange gearbox. In contrast to the U.S. Jeep, few AK10’s were ever utilized and photos of them in the combat zone are uncommon.
In June 1954, reacting to cases of trademark infringement by the Willys Company that delivered the first Jeep, at that point Director of Technology Hanji Umehara renamed this 4-wheeled vehicle as the Land Cruiser.
The after war Toyota “Jeep” BJ is totally not the same as the AK10 and acquires no mechanical parts from it.
BJ and FJ (1951– 1955)
1950 – The Korean War made interest for a military light utility vehicle. The war put a Jeep on Japan’s doorstep. The United States government requested 100 vehicles with the new Willys specs and Toyota was requested to fabricate them.
1951 – The Toyota “Jeep” BJ model was produced in January 1951. This originated from the interest for military-type utility vehicles, much like the British Land Rover Series 1 that showed up in 1948. The Jeep BJ was bigger than the first U.S. Jeep and all the more ground-breaking on account of its Type B 3.4 L six-barrel OHV Gasoline motor which created 63 kW (86 PS; 84 hp) at 3600 rpm and 215 N⋅m (159 lb⋅ft) torque at 1600 rpm. It had low maintenance four-wheel drive framework like the Jeep. In contrast to the Jeep, notwithstanding, the Jeep BJ had no low-extend exchange case.
1951 – In July 1951, Toyota’s test pilot Ichiro Taira drove the up and coming age of the Jeep BJ model up to the 6th phase of Mount Fuji, the primary vehicle to climb that high. The test was administered by the National Police Agency (NPA). Awed by this accomplishment, the NPA immediately put in a request for 289 of these rough terrain vehicles, making the Jeep BJ their official watch car.
1953 – Regular generation of the “Toyota Jeep BJ” started at Toyota Honsya Plant (Rolling skeleton get together), and body get together and painting was done at Arakawa Bankin Kogyo KK, later known as ARACO (now an offshoot of Toyota Auto Body Co.).The “Toyota Jeep BJ” Series was presented close by the accompanying:
- BJ-T (Touring),
- BJ-R (Radio),
- BJ-J (Cowl-undercarriage for a fire-motor).
1954 — The name “Land Cruiser” was made by the specialized executive Hanji Umehara. “In England we had another contender — Land Rover. I needed to think of a name for our vehicle that would not sound less stately than those of our rivals. That is the reason I chosen to call it ‘Land Cruiser’,” he recalls.The name had just been utilized on the Studebaker Land Cruiser from 1934 to 1954.
1954 – The 93 kW (126 PS; 125 hp), 3.9 L Type F gas motor included for the fire-motor case. Models are renamed as:
- BJ-T (Touring),
- BJ-R (Radio),
- BJ-J (Cowl-body for a fire-motor),
- FJ-J (Cowl-undercarriage for a fire-motor).
J80 (1990– 2008):
The Land Cruiser 80 arrangement was disclosed in October 1989 at the Tokyo Motor Show and propelled in mid 1990. It had swing-out indirect accesses, which were supplanted by a rear end and bring forth in 1994. The Land Cruiser was nicknamed the Burbuja (Bubble) in Colombia and Venezuela because of its roundness. The J80 was at first offered in two forms in these nations: the completely stacked VX and a section level model that incorporated a vinyl inside with discretionary cooling. In 1996, the passage show was moved up to a medium prepared model named Autana, including fabric upholstery, standard cooling and power driver situate. The name is a reference to the Tepui plateau Autana, a dynamite level and give in framework along the Guiana Shield craton. Land Cruiser deals achieved 2 million vehicles.
1990 – The 80 arrangement station wagon was presented, supplanting the 60 arrangement. All 80s sold in North America and Europe presently have a full-time four-wheel drive framework. In Japan, Africa, and Australia, low maintenance framework was as yet accessible. 80s created somewhere in the range of 1990 and 1991 had an open focus differential which was lockable in 4HI and naturally secured 4LO. From 1992 ahead, vehicles with non-freezing stopping devices had a thick coupling that sent a greatest of 30% torque to the non-slipping hub. The differential was lockable in 4HI and naturally secured 4LO.
1990 – another age of diesel motors were presented, adding to the motors accessible in the 80 arrangement. The 80 arrangement accompanied either a (3F-E) six-barrel normally suctioned oil motor, a six-chamber SOHC normally suctioned diesel motor, (1HZ), or a 1HD-T coordinate infusion turbo diesel.
1991 – By mid-1991 the (3F-E) was acquainted with the Australian market, a fuel infused rendition of the 3F.
1993 – A propelled 24-valve, 4.5 L six-barrel oil motor, 1FZ-FE was presented. Bigger brakes were included from October 1992 and the aggregate wheelbase was made marginally more. Front and back hub lockers (code k294) showed up as an alternative. The High Pinion Electric Locking front differential wind up accessible in US displays. In May 1993 Toyota started utilizing R134 refrigerant noticeable all around molding framework. Sequential numbers lower than JT3DJ81xxxxx38947 use R12 refrigerant.
1994 – A constrained release Land Cruiser Blue Marlin (FZJ80R) was brought into the Australian market. They have 4.5 L straight 6 petroleum engines with twofold overhead cams, programmed or manual transmission and 158 kW (215 PS; 212 hp) at 4600 rpm. The vehicle is blue from the Blue Marlin fish and they have the Blue Marlin logo all through the vehicle. A portion of the highlights that the Blue Marlin included were altimeters, control windows, circle brakes, calfskin adapt handle and controlling wheel, focal locking, cowhide trim, chrome handles and evades, 16″ amalgam wheels, restricted slip differential, automated stopping devices (ABS), control directing, CD and tape players, flares, and a constrained release bull bar. Just 500 were made.
1995 – Driver and traveler airbags were presented as were customizable shoulder-belt stays and a stopping automation. The “T O Y O T An” identification was supplanted with the cutting edge Toyota logo (which is once in a while portrayed as a “bean with a cap” otherwise known as “the sombrero”).
1996 – In the Dakar Rally, a couple of Land Cruisers completed first and second in the unmodified generation class. All American and British 80s received electronically monitored slowing mechanisms and airbags as standard gear. The Land Cruiser was pulled back from Canada this year and was supplanted by the Lexus LX 450.
1997 – A restricted keep running of Land Cruiser 80s was constructed explicitly for authorities and subsequently considered the Land Cruiser Collector’s Edition. The Collectors Edition donned Collectors Edition badging, “Authority’s Edition” weaved floor mats, programmed atmosphere control, wheels with the “D” windows painted dim dark and unique dim side moldings, and dark pearl badging. The Collectors Edition was accessible for the 1997 model year and the bundle was added to a large number of the accessible body hues.
1997 – 4744 FZJ80 Land Cruisers were sold in the United States as “40th Anniversary Limited Edition” models. They were accessible in 2 hues; Antique Sage Pearl (frequently alluded to as Riverrock, Pewter, or Gray) and Emerald Green. The 40th Anniversary models included overskirt identifications, a sequential number identification on the middle comfort, dark pearl outside identifications, “40th Anniversary Limited Edition” weaved floor mats, programmed atmosphere control, two-tone tan and darker cowhide insides, and wheels with the “D” windows painted dim. Many were fabricated with the discretionary electric front and back locking differentials, keyless passage, port-introduced rooftop racks, and running sheets. There are a few precedents that did not have a large number of these additional items. This is the latest year for the electric locking front differentials.
J200 (2007– present):
In 2002, a 5-year advancement plan on a successor to the 100-arrangement stage initiated under Sadayoshi Koyari and Tetsuya Tada. By 2004, 10 years after the plan choice of its antecedent in 1994, a last creation configuration was settled on for the 2008 J200. Model related tests were directed for more than 2 years among 2004 and mid 2007.